On December 5, the International Peace Bureau (IPB) presented the government and people of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) with the 2014 Sean MacBride Peace Prize, for its leadership in global efforts to highlight the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons and to abolish them.
IPB also commended the RMI for submitting the legal case to the International Court of Justice against all nine states owning nuclear weapons for failure to honor their disarmament commitments. Foreign Minister Tony de Brum accepted the prize at a ceremony in Vienna.
Besides the case in the ICJ, the Marshallese are suing the US government in an American court. The US asks for a dismissal of the case, and their motion will be heard in January. Anyone wishing to learn more and to sign a petition favoring the RMI case can visit this web page:
Besides IPB conference some 600 civil society members from around the world met in Vienna before the conference on the humanitarian consequences of nuclear war, to which 158 states sent delegations. (See page 6, this issue) Instead of waiting for the nine nuclear states to disarm, it seems that the people of the world are preparing to take matters into their own hands and demand total nuclear abolition.
Even some politicians in nuclear states are criticizing the excesses in their countries’ weapons systems; without actually suggesting disarmament, some do propose cutbacks. Thus on December 3, California Democratic Senator Dianne Feinstein declared that the US nuclear arsenal is “unnecessarily and unsustainably large.” She wrote “Over the next decade, the Congressional Budget Office reports that the United States will spend $355 billion on nuclear weapons ….The United States currently maintains 4,804 nuclear weapons. If you include retired weapons that are awaiting dismantlement and the thousands of components in storage, the United States has the equivalent of around 10,000 weapons. When you consider that the weapons we maintain today are up to 100 times more destructive than the ones used in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it becomes clear that the only value they offer is in deterring a nuclear attack.”
Sources: IPB, Washington Post
While President Putin enjoys favorable ratings above 80 percent in Russia, his credibility has dropped markedly elsewhere. In a damning report unveiled December 4th in Moscow, Human Rights Watch said there is now “full alarm about autocratic rule.” HRW’s director, Kenneth Roth, noted Russia’s suppression of journalism, initially of television but now of the Internet. He added, “And it’s with great disappointment that I see the worst crack down since the Soviet era. The radical reduction of public debate and the airing of dissenting views is the foundation of the authoritarian rule and unaccountable adventurism that lie behind Russia’s acute problems today.”
Even more critical than Roth is a celebrated new book by Karen Dawisha, Putin’s Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia? (Simon & Schuster). Here Russia’s problems are attributed to Putin personally. Professor Dawisha has tracked down an overwhelming mass of documents and court records, though journalists have been killed for writing_ ones that have since been erased.
It is not news that corruption is endemic in Russia; what is news about Dawisha’s book is that she shows it is the result of planned actions by a group of KGB agents who, in the late 1980s, began to plot their return to power and the restoration of Soviet-style rule. They were initially given control of money to hide overseas, but they stole it.
Putin personally organized several institutions, such as the Bank Rossiya. Dawisha links Putin to Twentieth Trust, a construction company that built villas in Spain where well-known leaders of Russian organized crime lived. She also links him to the Ozero Dacha Consumer Cooperative, and to the St. Petersburg Real Estate Holding Company, which German intelligence accuses of laundering money for Russian and Colombian criminals.
Dawisha says that more than half of the $50 billion spent on the Olympics went into the pockets of Putin’s cronies. The 110 billionaires in Russia are his long-time friends. And as for the president himself, she estimates his worth at $40 billion.
Sources: Euronews, International New York Times, Anne Applebaum
On November 21, the anniversary of the country’s revolution, thousands of people all over Mexico rallied, expressing anger toward the politicians and police forces who were involved in the murder of 43 missing students in Iguala. A radio commentator, Carlos Ramiriz, said, “The government is just selling the country to the corporate interests and has done nothing on the social level to alleviate the suffering of the people.”
This time middle class families, senior citizens, hipsters, intellectuals and professionals joined the students and activists who had made up the core of the previous protests.
Peace Magazine Jan-Mar 2015, page 2. Some rights reserved.
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